Anemia is a common complication in patients with hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (HDD-CKD). Anemia is principally the result of erythropoietin deficiency, inflammation, and iron deficiency. High molecular weight iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP) are routinely administered intravenously to replace iron losses and, although effective, there are lingering concerns about possible safety issues. Ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC, Triferic, Triferic AVNU [Triferic and Triferic AVNU are the proprietary name for ferric pyrophosphate citrate. Triferic and Triferic AVNU are registered trademarks of Rockwell medical Inc.]) is a complex iron salt that donates iron directly to plasma transferrin. FPC is devoid of any carbohydrate moiety and is administered via the dialysate or intravenously during each hemodialysis session to replace iron and maintain hemoglobin. Controlled clinical trials o f up to 48 weeks in duration have demonstrated the efficacy of regular administration of dialysate FPC for maintaining hemoglobin levels and iron balance in HDD-CKD patients. Clinical data also suggest that dialysate FPC may reduce the dose requirements for and use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and IONPs in HDD-CKD patients. Safety data from clinical studies and post-marketing surveillance show that FPC is well tolerated and not associated with an increased risk of infection, inflammation, iron overload, or serious hypersensitivity reactions. FPC represents an effective and well-tolerated choice for iron replacement and maintenance of hemoglobin in the long-term management of HDD-CKD patients.
PMID: 35726771 DOI: 10.1080/03007995.2022.2092373
Source: Steven Fishbane 1, Tomas Ganz 2, Raymond D Pratt 3