Sodium Butyrate Attenuates Diabetic Kidney Disease Partially via Histone Butyrylation Modification


Inflammation and fibrosis are the important pathophysiologic processes in diabetic kidney disease (DKD), which is induced by epigenetics, especially histone posttranslational modification (HPTMs). Recent reports highlighted that butyrate, one of the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) primarily originated from the fermentation of dietary fiber in the gut, attenuates inflammation and fibrosis in the prevention and treatment of DKD; however, the molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Histone lysine butyrylation (Kbu), a novel histone modification marker induced by butyrate, has been found to be involved in the regulation of pathophysiological processes. To reveal the mechanisms of butyrate-induced histone (Kbu), in the prevention and treatment of DKD, both DKD models in vivo and in vitro were treated with sodium butyrate (NaB). Our results confirmed that exogenous NaB improved the disorder of glucose and lipid metabolism, prevented proteinuria and renal failure, and inhibited renal inflammation and fibrosis. Meanwhile, NaB also induced histone Kbu and H3K9 butyrylation (H3K9bu) in vivo and in vitro; however, inhibition of histone Kbu with the histone modification enzyme p300 inhibitor A485 reversed the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrosis effects of NaB. In conclusion, our data reveal that NaB antagonizes renal inflammatory and fibrosis injury and attenuates DKD possibly via histone Kbu, suggesting that butyrate-induced histone Kbu or H3K9bu may be an important molecular mechanism in the pathogenesis and treatment of DKD.

PMID: 35909658 PMCID: PMC9329006 DOI: 10.1155/2022/7643322

Source: Tingting Zhou 1 2 3, Huiwen Xu 1 4, Xi Cheng 1 2 3, Yanqiu He 1 2 3, Qian Ren 1 2 3, Dongzhe Li 1 2 3, Yumei Xie 1 2 3, Chenlin Gao 1 2 3, Yuanyuan Zhang 5, Xiaodong Sun 6, Yong Xu 1 2 3, Wei Huang 1 2 3

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