Magnesium citrate, a medication belonging to the class of saline laxatives, is utilized to alleviate occasional constipation on a short-term basis. The mechanism of action of magnesium citrate is through the retention of water in the stool, resulting in an increase in the frequency of bowel movements and the softening of the stool, thereby facilitating its passage. Magnesium citrate is a chemical compound that consists of magnesium cations and citrate anions. Its chemical formula is Mg3(C6H5O7)2. It is also known by various other names such as magnesium tricitrate, citromag and others. The compound has a white crystalline appearance and is highly soluble in water. It has a slightly tart taste and is commonly used as a food additive to enhance the flavor of various foods and beverages. West Bengal Chemical Industries Limited is one of the major Magnesium Citrate manufactures in India.
Molecular Formula– C12H10Mg3O14
Molecular Weight– 451.11 gm/mol
CAS No– 3344-18-1
Shelf Life– 36 months
HSN Code –
Packing Size –
Storage Condition – Keep Well Closed, protected against light, dry and at room temperature.
Additional Info –
|1.||Description||White free flowing powder.|
|2.||Identification||Positive for Magnesium & Citrates.|
|3.||pH (5% suspension in water)||5.0-9.0|
|4.||Loss on Drying (at 135˚C for 16 hours)||NMT 29.0% w/w.|
|5.||Arsenic||NMT 3.0 ppm.|
|6.||Heavy metals||NMT 50.0 ppm.|
|7.||Iron||NMT 200.0 ppm.|
|8.||Chloride||NMT 0.05% w/w.|
|9.||Sulphate||NMT 0.2% w/w.|
|10.||Limit of Calcium||NMT 1.0% w/w.|
|11.||Assay (On dried basis)||14.50% w/w- 16.40% w/w.|
Laxative: Magnesium citrate is commonly used as an osmotic laxative, which works by increasing water in the intestines to soften stools and promote bowel movements. This makes it an effective treatment for constipation.
Bowel preparation: Magnesium citrate is also used before certain medical procedures, such as colonoscopies, to clean the bowel. It helps to flush out any fecal material and ensure that the procedure can be performed effectively.
Dietary supplement: Magnesium citrate is often used as a dietary supplement to increase magnesium intake. Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a key role in various physiological processes, including muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, blood sugar control, and bone health.
Electrolyte balance: Magnesium citrate helps to maintain the balance of electrolytes in the body, which is important for proper fluid balance and proper functioning of various organs and systems.
Heart health: Magnesium has been shown to play a role in maintaining heart health by regulating heart rhythm, lowering blood pressure, and reducing the risk of heart disease. Magnesium citrate can therefore help support overall heart health.
Mood regulation: Magnesium has been linked to improved mood and reduced anxiety, and magnesium citrate can help support these benefits.