API & Fine Pharmaceutical Manufacturer in India
Ferric Ammonium Citrate
  • Product Name:

    Ferric Ammonium Citrate

  • Molecular Formula:
    C6H11FeNO7+3
  • Molecular Weight:
    265 g/mol
  • CAS No.:
    1185-57-5
  • HSN Code:
    29181550
  • CID Code:
    14457
  • Shelf Life:
    3 years - 20°C powder
  • ATC Code (WHO)
    V08CA07 (WHO)
  • DrugBank ID
    DB09501
  • UNII No.
    UVP74NG1C5

USP of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

  • FAC offers good bioavailability of iron.
  • Unlike some other iron supplements, ferric ammonium citrate tends to have a milder taste and is generally better tolerated by individuals. This is an advantage for improving patient compliance.
  • FAC  act as an antioxidant in certain applications, helping to prevent oxidation and maintain product stability.

IUPAC Names of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

azane;2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid;iron(3+)

Synonyms of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

  • Iron ammonium citrate
  • Ammonium ferric citrate
  • Ferric ammonium citrate
  • Ferric ammonium citrate, green
  • Ammonii ferri citras
  • Ammonium iron(3+) citrate
  • Iron ammonium citrate, green
  • Ferri-ammoniumcitrat, braunes
  • Ferric ammonium citrate [USP]
  • Ammonium iron(III) citrate
  • Iron(III) ammonium citrate
  • Citric acid, ammonium iron(3+) salt
  • Ferric ammonium citrate,green
  • Ammonium Iron (III) Citrate
  • Ferric Ammonium Citrate, Brown
  • Citric acid, ammonium iron salt, green
  • Ammonium iron(3+) 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate
  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ammonium iron(3+) salt
  • 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid ammonium iron (3+) salt
  • ammonium iron citrate
  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ammonium iron(3+) salt

MSDS of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

Download MSDS PDF
First Aid Measures
  • GENERAL ADVICE: Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  • IF INHALED: If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  • SKIN CONTACT: Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  • EYE CONTACT: Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  • IF SWALLOWED: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
Fire-Fighting Measures
  • SUITABLE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  • SPECIAL HAZARDS ARISING FROM THE SUBSTANCE OR MIXTURE: Carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides (NOx), Iron oxides.
  • ADVICE FOR FIREFIGHTERS: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
  • FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Use fire-extinguishing media appropriate to the surrounding fire.
    SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
    LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. Do not use water jet.
  • FURTHER INFORMATION: No data available.
Accidental Release Measures
  • Personal precautions, protective equipment & emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
  • Environmental Precautions: Do not let product enter drains.
  • Methods and materials for containment & cleaning up: Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
Physical and Chemical Properties
  • Appearance Form: Thin, transparent, dark red scales or granules or brownish red powder. Odorless, deliquescent in moist air, affected by light.
  • Color: Brownish red.
  • Odour: Odorless
  • Solubility: Soluble in 20°C, in 0.5% part of water, almost insoluble in alcohol (95%).
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Description of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

Ferric Ammonium Citrate is available in different grades like BP, USP, IP and BPC. It is a water soluble iron chelate used in agricultural industries for the plant and fruit rejuvenation.

Application of Ferric Ammonium Citrate

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia Treatment
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Food Fortification
  • Color Enhancer
If you are interested on Ferric Ammonium Citrate, then
Frequently Asked Questions on: Ferric Ammonium Citrate
What is Ferric Ammonium Citrate?

Ferric Ammonium Citrate (also known as ferric ammonium citrate or ammoniacal ferrous citrate) is a chemical compound that consists of iron (in the ferric, or Fe³⁺, oxidation state) complexed with ammonium and citrate ions. It forms a coordination complex by combining these three components.

What is Ferric Ammonium Citrate Used For?

Ferric Ammonium Citrate has a range of uses, including:

  • As a food ingredient, it serves as an acidity regulator (INS number 381) and is notably used in the Scottish beverage Irn-Bru.
  • In water purification processes.
  • As a reducing agent for metal salts of low activity, such as gold and silver.
  • In medical imaging as a contrast medium.
  • As a hematinic (to treat iron deficiency anemia).
Can Ferric Ammonium Citrate Be Used During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding?

Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals should consult their healthcare provider before using Ferric Ammonium Citrate. It’s essential to consider individual health conditions and potential risks.

How Does Ferric Ammonium Citrate Work in Water Purification?

Ferric Ammonium Citrate helps remove impurities from water by forming complexes with contaminants. It aids in coagulation and precipitation, facilitating the removal of suspended particles and organic matter during water treatment processes.

Is Ferric Ammonium Citrate Safe?

Ferric Ammonium Citrate is generally safe when used according to recommended guidelines. However, individuals with iron overload disorders (hemochromatosis) should avoid its use. Always consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication or supplement.

What Is the Role of Ferric Ammonium Citrate in Kligler’s Iron Agar (KIA) Test?

In microbiology, Ferric Ammonium Citrate is used in Kligler’s Iron Agar (KIA) test to identify enterobacteriaceae bacteria. By observing their metabolism of different sugars, including the production of hydrogen sulfide, this test helps differentiate bacterial species.

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